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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing

Near-surface soil moisture estimation by combining airborne L-band brightness temperature observations and imaging hyperspectral data at the field scale
Author(s): Marion Pause; Steffen Zacharias; Karsten Schulz; Angela Lausch
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Paper Abstract

The observation of spatially distributed soil moisture fields is an essential component for a large range of hydrological, climate, and agricultural applications. While direct measurements are expensive and limited to small spatial domains, the inversion of airborne and satellite L-band radiometer data has shown the potential to provide spatial estimates of near surface soil moisture from the local up to the global scale. When using L-band radiometer observations for soil moisture retrieval, a major limitation is the attenuation of the microwave signal by the vegetation, hampering the signal inversion and thereby making spatially distributed plant information necessary. Usually vegetation types are considered with a vegetation type specific global parameterization, e.g., for leaf area index (LAI). Within this study we evaluate and address the effect of spatially varying LAI on high spatial resolution (pixel size 50 m) airborne L-band brightness temperature of crop canopies that are usually regarded homogeneous. To account for within field variations of LAI we used airborne imaging spectrometer data (pixel size 1.5 m) to empirically create maps of LAI using spectral greenness vegetation indices. We found clear (R2<0.90) functional relationships between spatially varying L-band brightness temperature and LAI variations within crop canopies that in literature are usually assumed homogeneous. Very good (R2 = 0.93) near surface soil moisture estimates were achieved using multi-variate regression and adding plant specific spectral information to the independent variable set for final soil moisture retrieval. The study shows that a multi-sensor campaign using airborne L-band radiometer and imaging spectrometers provide a powerful data set for monitoring patterns of near surface soil moisture and vegetation canopy at the field scale with high accuracy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 27 April 2012
PDF: 14 pages
J. Appl. Rem. Sens. 6(1) 063516 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.6.063516
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 6, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Marion Pause, Eberhard Karls Univ. Tübingen (Germany)
Steffen Zacharias, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH (Germany)
Karsten Schulz, Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. München (Germany)
Angela Lausch, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Umweltforschung GmbH (Germany)

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