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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing • Open Access

Toward an automated low-cost three-dimensional crop surface monitoring system using oblique stereo imagery from consumer-grade smart cameras
Author(s): Sebastian Brocks; Juliane Bendig; Georg Bareth

Paper Abstract

Crop surface models (CSMs) representing plant height above ground level are a useful tool for monitoring in-field crop growth variability and enabling precision agriculture applications. A semiautomated system for generating CSMs was implemented. It combines an Android application running on a set of smart cameras for image acquisition and transmission and a set of Python scripts automating the structure-from-motion (SfM) software package Agisoft Photoscan and ArcGIS. Only ground-control-point (GCP) marking was performed manually. This system was set up on a barley field experiment with nine different barley cultivars in the growing period of 2014. Images were acquired three times a day for a period of two months. CSMs were successfully generated for 95 out of 98 acquisitions between May 2 and June 30. The best linear regressions of the CSM-derived plot-wise averaged plant-heights compared to manual plant height measurements taken at four dates resulted in a coefficient of determination R2 of 0.87 and a root-mean-square error (RMSE) of 0.08 m, with Willmott’s refined index of model performance dr equaling 0.78. In total, 103 mean plot heights were used in the regression based on the noon acquisition time. The presented system succeeded in semiautomatedly monitoring crop height on a plot scale to field scale.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 2016
PDF: 19 pages
J. Appl. Rem. Sens. 10(4) 046021 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.10.046021
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 10, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Sebastian Brocks, Univ. zu Köln (Germany)
Juliane Bendig, Univ. zu Köln (Germany)
Georg Bareth, Univ. zu Köln (Germany)
Univ. Bonn (Germany)

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