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Journal of Applied Remote Sensing

Assessing plant nitrogen concentration in winter oilseed rape using hyperspectral measurements
Author(s): Lu Li; Shishi Liu; Shanqing Wang; Jianwei Lu; Lantao Li; Yi Ma; Jin Ming
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Paper Abstract

This study aims to find the optimal vegetation indices (VIs) to remotely estimate plant nitrogen concentration (PNC) in winter oilseed rape across different growth stages. Since remote sensing cannot “sense” N in live leaves, remote estimation of PNC should be based on understanding the relationships between PNC and chlorophyll (Chl), carotenoid concentration (Car), Car/Chl, dry mass (DM), and leaf area index (LAI). The experiments with eight nitrogen fertilization treatments were conducted in 2014 to 2015 and 2015 to 2016, and measurements were acquired at six-leaf, eight-leaf, and ten-leaf stages. We found that at each stage, Chl, Car, DM, and LAI were all strongly related to PNC. However, across different growth stages, semipartial correlation and linear regression analysis showed that Chl and Car had consistently significant relationships with PNC, whereas LAI and DM were either weakly or barely correlated with PNC. Therefore, the most suitable VIs should be sensitive to the change in Chl and Car while insensitive to the change in DM. We found that anthocyanin reflectance index and the simple ratio of the red band to blue band fit the requirements. The validation with the 2015 to 2016 dataset showed that the selected VIs could provide accurate estimates of PNC in winter oilseed rape.

Paper Details

Date Published: 22 September 2016
PDF: 18 pages
J. Appl. Rem. Sens. 10(3) 036026 doi: 10.1117/1.JRS.10.036026
Published in: Journal of Applied Remote Sensing Volume 10, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Lu Li, Huazhong Agricultural Univ. (China)
Shishi Liu, Huazhong Agricultural Univ. (China)
Shanqing Wang, Huazhong Agricultural Univ. (China)
Jianwei Lu, Huazhong Agricultural Univ. (China)
Lantao Li, Huazhong Agricultural Univ. (China)
Yi Ma, Huazhong Agricultural Univ. (China)
Jin Ming, Huazhong Agricultural Univ. (China)

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