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Journal of Photonics for Energy • new

Electrical characteristics of funnel-shaped silicon nanowire solar cells
Author(s): Ghada Yassin Abdel-Latif; Mohamed Farhat O. Hameed; Mohamed Hussein; Maher Abdel Razzak; Salah S. A. Obayya
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Paper Abstract

The electrical characteristics of funnel-shaped silicon nanowire (SiNW) solar cells are introduced and numerically analyzed. The funnel-shaped NW consists of a cylinder over a conical unit. Its aim is to maximize the optical absorption over a large wavelength range and hence the electrical efficiency by increasing the number of resonance wavelengths or by enlarging the resonance wavelength range. The conical part has different radii in the axial direction, which increases the number of resonance wavelengths. Further, the coupling between the supported modes by the upper cylinder and the lower tapered cone offers multiple optical resonances required for broadband absorption. The optical characteristics and generation rates through the studied design are obtained using 3-D finite difference time domain. However, the electrical properties are calculated using finite element via the Lumerical device software package. In this regard, radial and axial junctions are examined for the suggested design and compared with the conventional cylindrical SiNW counterpart. In this investigation, short circuit current density, open circuit voltage, fill factor, and power conversion efficiency (PCE) are simulated to quantify the optoelectronic performance of the reported design. Furthermore, the effects of the doping concentration and carrier lifetime on the performance of the funnel-shaped design are reported. The proposed SiNWs offer PCE and short circuit density of 12.7% and 27.6    mA / cm 2 , respectively, for the axial junction. However, the funnel design with core–shell junction shows an efficiency and short-circuit current ( J sc ) of 14.13% and 31.94    mA / cm 2 , respectively. Therefore, the suggested design has higher efficiency than 6.4% and 9.6% of the conventional cylindrical SiNWs according to the axial and core shell junctions, respectively.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 December 2017
PDF: 15 pages
J. Photon. Energy 7(4) 047501 doi: 10.1117/1.JPE.7.047501
Published in: Journal of Photonics for Energy Volume 7, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Ghada Yassin Abdel-Latif, Mansoura Univ. (Egypt)
Mohamed Farhat O. Hameed, Ctr. for Photonics and Smart Materials, Zewail City of Science and Technology (Egypt)
Univ. of Science and Technology, Zewail City of Science and Technology (Egypt)
Mansoura Univ. (Egypt)
Mohamed Hussein, Ctr. for Photonics and Smart Materials, Zewail City of Science and Technology (Egypt)
Ain Shams Univ. (Egypt)
Maher Abdel Razzak, Mansoura Univ. (Egypt)
Salah S. A. Obayya, Mansoura Univ. (Egypt)
Ctr. for Photonics and Smart Materials, Zewail City of Science and Technology (Egypt)


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