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Journal of Photonics for Energy

Plasma-enhanced chemical vapor deposition epitaxy of Si on GaAs for tunnel junction applications in tandem solar cells
Author(s): Gwenaëlle Hamon; Nicolas Vaissiere; Romain Cariou; Raphaël Lachaume; José Alvarez; Wanghua Chen; Jean-Paul Kleider; Jean Decobert; Pere Roca I. Cabarrocas
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Paper Abstract

We fabricated (n) c-Si/ (p) GaAs heterojunctions, by combining low temperature ( 175 ° C ) RF-PECVD for Si and metal organic vapor phase epitaxy for GaAs, aiming at producing hybrid tunnel junctions for Si/III-V tandem solar cells. The electrical properties of these heterojunctions were measured and compared to that of a reference III-V tunnel junction. Several challenges in the fabrication of such heterostructures were identified and we especially focused in this study on the impact of atomic hydrogen present in the plasma used for the deposition of silicon on p-doped GaAs doping level. The obtained results show that hydrogenation by H 2 plasma strongly reduces the doping level at the surface of the GaAs:C grown film. Thirty seconds of H 2 plasma exposition at 175°C are sufficient to reduce the GaAs film doping level from 1 × 10 20    cm 3 to < 1 × 10 19    cm 3 at the surface and over a depth of about 20 nm. Such strong reduction of the doping level is critical for the performance of the tunnel junction. However, the doping level can be fully recovered after annealing at 350°C.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 April 2017
PDF: 8 pages
J. Photon. Energy. 7(2) 022504 doi: 10.1117/1.JPE.7.022504
Published in: Journal of Photonics for Energy Volume 7, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Gwenaëlle Hamon, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Total S.A. (France)
Nicolas Vaissiere, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Romain Cariou, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
III-V Lab. (France)
Raphaël Lachaume, Lab. de Génie Électrique de Paris (France)
José Alvarez, Lab. de Génie Électrique de Paris (France)
Wanghua Chen, Ecole Polytechnique (France)
Jean-Paul Kleider, Lab. de Génie Électrique de Paris (France)
Jean Decobert, III-V Lab. (France)
Pere Roca I. Cabarrocas, Ecole Polytechnique (France)

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