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Journal of Nanophotonics • Open Access

Review on Raman scattering in semiconductor nanowires: I. theory
Author(s): Andrés Cantarero

Paper Abstract

Raman scattering is a nondestructive technique that is able to supply information on the crystal and electronic structures, strain, temperature, phonon–phonon, and electron–phonon interaction. In the particular case of semiconductor nanowires, Raman scattering provides additional information related to surfaces. Although correct, a theoretical approach to analyze the surface optical modes loses critical information when retardation is neglected. A comparison of the retarded and unretarded approaches clarifies the role of the electric and magnetic polarization in the Raman selection rules. Since most III–V compounds growing in the zincblende phase change their crystal structure to wurtzite when growing as nanowires, the polariton description will be particularized for these two important crystal phases. Confined phonons exist in cylindrical nanowires and couple with longitudinal and transverse modes due to the presence of the nanowire’s surface. This coupling vanishes in the case of rotational symmetry. The boundary conditions of the electromagnetic fields on small-size nanowires (antenna effect) have a dramatic effect on the polarization properties of a Raman spectrum.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 November 2013
PDF: 29 pages
J. Nanophoton. 7(1) 071598 doi: 10.1117/1.JNP.7.071598
Published in: Journal of Nanophotonics Volume 7, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Andrés Cantarero, Univ. de València (Spain)

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