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Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS

Investigation of alternative absorbers for extreme ultraviolet mask blanks
Author(s): Yohei Ikebe; Hirofumi Kozakai; Tsutomu Shoki; Takahiro Onoue
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Paper Abstract

Mask three-dimensional (3D) effects in extreme ultraviolet (EUV) lithography critically influence pattern transfer such as horizontal-vertical bias and/or CD shift. Although the mask 3D effects can be reduced using a thin film absorber, the current Ta-based absorber reaches its thin film limit at <60  nm for both binary and phase-shift type usages. To improve mask 3D effects for future EUV lithography production, the absorber material and film stack should be reconsidered. We investigated two types of thin film structure as a binary type absorber. One is a high-k type absorber. We selected nickel which has been proposed as one of the thin absorber solutions. Nickel enables less than 2% peak reflectivity at 30-nm thickness due to its high absorption. The other is a multilayer (ML)-type absorber. This type of absorber cancels out reflection from each interface, and thus low reflectivity is achieved. In the case of Ta/Si ML absorber, ≤2% reflectivity can be expected at the 39-nm film thickness.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2017
PDF: 6 pages
J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 16(4) 041006 doi: 10.1117/1.JMM.16.4.041006
Published in: Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Volume 16, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Yohei Ikebe, HOYA Corp. (Japan)
Hirofumi Kozakai, HOYA Corp. (Japan)
Tsutomu Shoki, HOYA Corp. (Japan)
Takahiro Onoue, HOYA Corp. (Japan)

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