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Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS

Fabrication of through-silicon via arrays by photo-assisted electrochemical etching and supercritical electroplating
Author(s): Ho-Chiao Chuang; Hsi-Min Yang; Cheng-Xiang Wu; Jorge Sanchez; Jenq-Huey Shyu
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Paper Abstract

This paper aims to fabricate high aspect ratio through silicon via (TSV) by photo-assisted electrochemical etching (PAECE) and supercritical CO 2 copper electroplating. A blind-holed silicon array was first fabricated by PAECE. By studying the etching parameters, including hydrofluoric acid concentration, etchant temperature, stirring speed, tetrabutylammonium perchlorate (TBAP) content, and Ohmic contact thickness, an array of pores with a 1 45 aspect ratio ( height = 250    μ m and diameter = 5.5    μ m ) was obtained successfully. Moreover, TBAP and Kodak Photo-Flo (PF) solution were added into the etchant to acquire smooth sidewalls for the first time. TBAP was added for the first time to serve as an antistatic agent in deionized water-based etchant to prevent side-branch etching, and PF was used to degasify hydrogen bubbles in the etchant. The effect of gold thickness over Ohmic contact was investigated. Randomized etching was observed with an Au thickness of 200 Å, but it can be improved by increasing the etching voltage. The silicon mold of through-holes was filled with metal using supercritical CO 2 copper electroplating, which features high diffusivity, permeability, and density. The TSV structure (aspect ratio = 1 35 ) was obtained at a supercritical pressure of 2000 psi, temperature of 50°C, and current density of 30    mA / cm 2 in 2.5 h.

Paper Details

Date Published: 28 January 2017
PDF: 8 pages
J. Micro/Nanolith. 16(1) 014501 doi: 10.1117/1.JMM.16.1.014501
Published in: Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Volume 16, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Ho-Chiao Chuang, National Taipei Univ. of Technology (Taiwan)
Hsi-Min Yang, National Taipei Univ. of Technology (Taiwan)
Cheng-Xiang Wu, National Taipei Univ. of Technology (Taiwan)
Jorge Sanchez, National Taipei Univ. of Technology (Taiwan)
Jenq-Huey Shyu, National Taipei Univ. of Technology (Taiwan)


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