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Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS • Open Access

Theoretical study for aerial image intensity in resist in high numerical aperture projection optics and experimental verification with one-dimensional patterns

Paper Abstract

In optical lithography, high-performance exposure tools are indispensable to obtain not only fine patterns but also preciseness in pattern width. Since an accurate theoretical method is necessary to predict these values, some pioneer and valuable studies have been proposed. However, there might be some ambiguity or lack of consensus regarding the treatment of diffraction by object, incoming inclination factor onto image plane in scalar imaging theory, and paradoxical phenomenon of the inclined entrance plane wave onto image in vector imaging theory. We have reconsidered imaging theory in detail and also phenomenologically resolved the paradox. By comparing theoretical aerial image intensity with experimental pattern width for one-dimensional pattern, we have validated our theoretical consideration.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 March 2016
PDF: 10 pages
J. Micro/Nanolith. MEMS MOEMS 15(2) 021206 doi: 10.1117/1.JMM.15.2.021206
Published in: Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Volume 15, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Masato Shibuya, Tokyo Polytechnic Univ. (Japan)
Akira Takada, Topcon Corp. (Japan)
Toshiharu Nakashima, Nikon Corp. (Japan)

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