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Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS

Homogeneous one-dimensional optical lattice generation using a digital micromirror device-based high-precision beam shaper
Author(s): Jinyang Liang; Michael F. Becker; Rudolph N. Kohn; Daniel J. Heinzen
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Paper Abstract

A homogeneous one-dimensional optical lattice is demonstrated by using a high-precision beam shaper based on a digital micromirror device (DMD) with an imaging system containing a pinhole low-pass filter (LPF). This system is capable of producing a high-quality flattop beam profile to form a standing-wave optical lattice with a 50×50 μm2 flattop region. The periodic potential generated by the optical lattice confines ultracold atoms in Bose-Einstein condensate experiments. We conducted beam shaping tests at several wavelengths by implementing various coherent and incoherent light sources in the visible and infrared wavelength ranges. Experiments produced flattop and other well-controlled beam profiles with 0.2% to 0.26% root-mean-square (RMS) error after applying a digital LPF and nearly flat phase. Several concerns for the system design are presented. First, the energy requirement was determined by power conversion analysis and DMD diffraction efficiency simulation. In addition, a LabVIEW program was written to accelerate the speed of the iterative process for beam profile refinement. Finally, various camera calibrations improved the measurement accuracy. We achieved a 1.25% RMS error flattop beam with diameter of 70.4 μm at the atoms' plane. Other beam profile measurements in different diagnostic planes demonstrated a good intensity uniformity of the optical lattice.

Paper Details

Date Published: 21 May 2012
PDF: 9 pages
J. Micro/Nanolith. 11(2) 023002 doi: 10.1117/1.JMM.11.2.023002
Published in: Journal of Micro/Nanolithography, MEMS, and MOEMS Volume 11, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Jinyang Liang, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Michael F. Becker, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Rudolph N. Kohn, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)
Daniel J. Heinzen, The Univ. of Texas at Austin (United States)

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