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Journal of Medical Imaging

Extending the concept of weighted CT dose index to elliptical phantoms of various aspect ratios
Author(s): Andrey Markovich; Ashraf G. Morgan; Frank F. Dong; Andrew N. Primak; Xiang Li
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Paper Abstract

The purpose of this study was to extend the concept of weighted CT dose index ( CTDI w ) to the elliptical phantoms. Based on the published body dimension data, eight body aspect ratios were chosen between 1 (perfectly circular) and 1.72 (extremely elliptical). For each aspect ratio, two elliptical cylinders were created digitally to represent adult and pediatric bodies. Their cross-sectional areas were identical to the standard 32- and 16-cm CTDI phantoms. For each phantom, CTDI 100 at center and periphery were simulated for tube voltages between 70 and 140 kVp using a validated Monte Carlo program. The simulations also provided the average dose over the cross-sectional area, CTDI xsec . Values of CTDI xsec and CTDI 100 allowed linear systems of equations to be established, from which central and peripheral weighting coefficients were solved. Regardless of phantom shape, only two weighting coefficients were needed: w 1 for the central CTDI 100 and w 2 for the average of the four peripheral CTDI 100 ’s. Over the full range of aspect ratios,
Paper Details

Date Published: 5 July 2017
PDF: 8 pages
J. Med. Imag. 4(3) 031205 doi: 10.1117/1.JMI.4.3.031205
Published in: Journal of Medical Imaging Volume 4, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Andrey Markovich, Cleveland State Univ. (United States)
Ashraf G. Morgan, The Cleveland Clinic (United States)
Cleveland State Univ. (United States)
Frank F. Dong, The Cleveland Clinic (United States)
Cleveland State Univ. (United States)
Andrew N. Primak, Siemens Healthineers (United States)
Xiang Li, The Cleveland Clinic (United States)
Cleveland State Univ. (United States)

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