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Journal of Medical Imaging • Open Access

Single-view geometric calibration for C-arm inverse geometry CT

Paper Abstract

Accurate and artifact-free reconstruction of tomographic images requires precise knowledge of the imaging system geometry. A projection matrix-based calibration method to enable C-arm inverse geometry CT (IGCT) is proposed. The method is evaluated for scanning-beam digital x-ray (SBDX), a C-arm mounted inverse geometry fluoroscopic technology. A helical configuration of fiducials is imaged at each gantry angle in a rotational acquisition. For each gantry angle, digital tomosynthesis is performed at multiple planes and a composite image analogous to a cone-beam projection is generated from the plane stack. The geometry of the C-arm, source array, and detector array is determined at each angle by constructing a parameterized three-dimensional-to-two-dimensional projection matrix that minimizes the sum-of-squared deviations between measured and projected fiducial coordinates. Simulations were used to evaluate calibration performance with translations and rotations of the source and detector. The relative root-mean-square error in a reconstruction of a numerical thorax phantom was 0.4% using the calibration method versus 7.7% without calibration. In phantom studies, reconstruction of SBDX projections using the proposed method eliminated artifacts present in noncalibrated reconstructions. The proposed IGCT calibration method reduces image artifacts when uncertainties exist in system geometry.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 March 2017
PDF: 9 pages
J. Med. Imag. 4(1) 013506 doi: 10.1117/1.JMI.4.1.013506
Published in: Journal of Medical Imaging Volume 4, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Jordan M. Slagowski, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
David A. P. Dunkerley, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Charles R. Hatt, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Michael A. Speidel, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)

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