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Journal of Medical Imaging

Fabrication and control of CT number through polymeric composites based on coronary plaque CT phantom applications
Author(s): Carlton F. O. Hoy; Hani E. Naguib; Narinder S. Paul
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Paper Abstract

Biomedical phantoms are commonly used for various medical imaging modalities to improve imaging quality and procedures. Current biomedical phantoms fabricated commercially are high in cost and limited in the specificity of human environments and structures that can be mimicked. This study aimed to control the measurable computed tomography (CT) number in Hounsfield units through polymeric biomedical phantom materials using controlled amounts of hydroxyapatite (hA). The purpose was to fabricate CT phantoms capable of mimicking various coronary plaque types while introducing a fabrication technique and basis for a numerical model to which the technique may be applied. The CT number is tunable based on the controlled material properties of electron density and atomic numbers. Three different polymeric matrices of polyethylene (PE), thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU), and polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) were selected due to their varied specific densities and ease of fabrication acting as integral properties for CT phantom fabrication. These polymers were processed together with additions of hA in mass percentages of 2.5, 5, 10, and 20% hA as well as a 0% hA as a control for each polymeric material. By adding hA to PE, TPU, and PVDF an increasing trend was exhibited between CT number and weight percent of hA.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 February 2016
PDF: 9 pages
J. Med. Img. 3(1) 016001 doi: 10.1117/1.JMI.3.1.016001
Published in: Journal of Medical Imaging Volume 3, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Carlton F. O. Hoy, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Hani E. Naguib, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Narinder S. Paul, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Univ. Health Network (Canada)

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