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Journal of Medical Imaging

Accurate three-dimensional virtual reconstruction of surgical field using calibrated trajectories of an image-guided medical robot
Author(s): Yuanzheng Gong; Danying Hu; Blake Hannaford; Eric J. Seibel
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Paper Abstract

Brain tumor margin removal is challenging because diseased tissue is often visually indistinguishable from healthy tissue. Leaving residual tumor leads to decreased survival, and removing normal tissue causes life-long neurological deficits. Thus, a surgical robotics system with a high degree of dexterity, accurate navigation, and highly precise resection is an ideal candidate for image-guided removal of fluorescently labeled brain tumor cells. To image, we developed a scanning fiber endoscope (SFE) which acquires concurrent reflectance and fluorescence wide-field images at a high resolution. This miniature flexible endoscope was affixed to the arm of a RAVEN II surgical robot providing programmable motion with feedback control using stereo-pair surveillance cameras. To verify the accuracy of the three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructed surgical field, a multimodal physical-sized model of debulked brain tumor was used to obtain the 3-D locations of residual tumor for robotic path planning to remove fluorescent cells. Such reconstruction is repeated intraoperatively during margin clean-up so the algorithm efficiency and accuracy are important to the robotically assisted surgery. Experimental results indicate that the time for creating this 3-D surface can be reduced to one-third by using known trajectories of a robot arm, and the error from the reconstructed phantom is within 0.67 mm in average compared to the model design.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 December 2014
PDF: 11 pages
J. Med. Img. 1(3) 035002 doi: 10.1117/1.JMI.1.3.035002
Published in: Journal of Medical Imaging Volume 1, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Yuanzheng Gong, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Danying Hu, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Blake Hannaford, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Eric J. Seibel, Univ. of Washington (United States)


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