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Journal of Electronic Imaging

Full image-processing pipeline in field-programmable gate array for a small endoscopic camera
Author(s): Sheikh Shanawaz Mostafa; L. Natércia Sousa; Nuno Fábio Ferreira; Ricardo M. Sousa; Joao Santos; Martin Wäny; F. Morgado-Dias
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Paper Abstract

Endoscopy is an imaging procedure used for diagnosis as well as for some surgical purposes. The camera used for the endoscopy should be small and able to produce a good quality image or video, to reduce discomfort of the patients, and to increase the efficiency of the medical team. To achieve these fundamental goals, a small endoscopy camera with a footprint of 1    mm × 1    mm × 1.65    mm is used. Due to the physical properties of the sensors and human vision system limitations, different image-processing algorithms, such as noise reduction, demosaicking, and gamma correction, among others, are needed to faithfully reproduce the image or video. A full image-processing pipeline is implemented using a field-programmable gate array (FPGA) to accomplish a high frame rate of 60 fps with minimum processing delay. Along with this, a viewer has also been developed to display and control the image-processing pipeline. The control and data transfer are done by a USB 3.0 end point in the computer. The full developed system achieves real-time processing of the image and fits in a Xilinx Spartan-6LX150 FPGA.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 January 2017
PDF: 17 pages
J. Electron. Imag. 26(1) 013005 doi: 10.1117/1.JEI.26.1.013005
Published in: Journal of Electronic Imaging Volume 26, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Sheikh Shanawaz Mostafa, Instituto Superior Técnico (Portugal)
Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute (Portugal)
L. Natércia Sousa, Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute (Portugal)
Nuno Fábio Ferreira, Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute (Portugal)
Univ. da Madeira (Portugal)
Ricardo M. Sousa, CMOSIS (Portugal)
Joao Santos, CMOSIS (Portugal)
Martin Wäny, CMOSIS (Portugal)
F. Morgado-Dias, Madeira Interactive Technologies Institute (Portugal)
Univ. da Madeira (Portugal)

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