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Journal of Electronic Imaging • Open Access

Why is quality estimation judgment fast? Comparison of gaze control strategies in quality and difference estimation tasks

Paper Abstract

To understand the viewing strategies employed in a quality estimation task, we compared two visual tasks—quality estimation and difference estimation. The estimation was done for a pair of natural images having small global changes in quality. Two groups of observers estimated the same set of images, but with different instructions. One group estimated the difference in quality and the other the difference between image pairs. The results demonstrated the use of different visual strategies in the tasks. The quality estimation was found to include more visual planning during the first fixation than the difference estimation, but afterward needed only a few long fixations on the semantically important areas of the image. The difference estimation used many short fixations. Salient image areas were mainly attended to when these areas were also semantically important. The results support the hypothesis that these tasks’ general characteristics (evaluation time, number of fixations, area fixated on) show differences in processing, but also suggest that examining only single fixations when comparing tasks is too narrow a view. When planning a subjective experiment, one must remember that a small change in the instructions might lead to a noticeable change in viewing strategy.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 August 2014
PDF: 14 pages
J. Electron. Imag. 23(6) 061103 doi: 10.1117/1.JEI.23.6.061103
Published in: Journal of Electronic Imaging Volume 23, Issue 6
Show Author Affiliations
Jenni E. Radun, Univ. of Helsinki (Finland)
Tuomas M. Leisti, Univ. of Helsinki (Finland)
Toni I. Virtanen, Univ. of Helsinki (Finland)
Göte S. Nyman, Univ. of Helsinki (Finland)
Jukka P. Häkkinen, Univ. of Helsinki (Finland)

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