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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Microsphere enabled subdiffraction-limited optical-resolution photoacoustic microscopy: a simulation study
Author(s): Paul Kumar Upputuri; Moganasundari Krisnan; Manojit Pramanik
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Paper Abstract

Optical resolution photoacoustic microscopy (ORPAM) is a high-resolution hybrid imaging modality having potential for microscale <italic<in vivo</italic< imaging. Optical diffraction limits the lateral resolution of ORPAM. A photonic nanojet (PNJ) was used to break this diffraction limit. A single round microsphere can generate a PNJ with subwavelength waist, but its short axial length limits its applications to surface imaging only. We investigate different sphere designs to achieve ultralong nanojets that will make the nanojet more viable in far-field applications, such as photoacoustic imaging. The PNJ properties, including effective length, waist size, working distance, and peak intensity, can be tuned and controlled by changing the sphere design and its refractive index. A truncated multilayer microsphere design could generate an ultraelongated PNJ with length larger than <inline-formula< <mml:math display="inline" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"< <mml:mrow< <mml:mo form="prefix"<∼</mml:mo< <mml:mn<172</mml:mn< <mml:mi<λ</mml:mi< <mml:mtext< </mml:mtext< <mml:mo stretchy="false"<(</mml:mo< <mml:mo<∼</mml:mo< <mml:mn<138</mml:mn< <mml:mtext<  </mml:mtext< <mml:mi<μ</mml:mi< <mml:mi mathvariant="normal"<m</mml:mi< <mml:mo stretchy="false"<)</mml:mo< </mml:mrow< </mml:math< </inline-formula< while retaining a large working distance <inline-formula< <mml:math display="inline" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"< <mml:mrow< <mml:mo form="prefix"<∼</mml:mo< <mml:mn<32</mml:mn< <mml:mi<λ</mml:mi< <mml:mtext< </mml:mtext< <mml:mo stretchy="false"<(</mml:mo< <mml:mo<∼</mml:mo< <mml:mn<26</mml:mn< <mml:mtext<  </mml:mtext< <mml:mi<μ</mml:mi< <mml:mi mathvariant="normal"<m</mml:mi< <mml:mo stretchy="false"<)</mml:mo< </mml:mrow< </mml:math< </inline-formula<. Through simulation study, we observed <inline-formula< <mml:math display="inline" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"< <mml:mrow< <mml:mo form="prefix"<∼</mml:mo< <mml:mn<11</mml:mn< </mml:mrow< </mml:math< </inline-formula<-fold enhancement in lateral resolution with <inline-formula< <mml:math display="inline" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"< <mml:mrow< <mml:mn<5</mml:mn< <mml:mtext<  </mml:mtext< <mml:mi<μ</mml:mi< <mml:mi mathvariant="normal"<m</mml:mi< </mml:mrow< </mml:math< </inline-formula< round sphere (refractive index 2.2) when used in a conventional ORPAM setup with <inline-formula< <mml:math display="inline" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"< <mml:mrow< <mml:mi<NA</mml:mi< <mml:mo<=</mml:mo< <mml:mn<0.1</mml:mn< </mml:mrow< </mml:math< </inline-formula< and <inline-formula< <mml:math display="inline" xmlns:mml="http://www.w3.org/1998/Math/MathML"< <mml:mrow< <mml:mi<λ</mml:mi< <mml:mo<=</mml:mo< <mml:mn<800</mml:mn< <mml:mtext<  </mml:mtext< <mml:mi<nm</mml:mi< </mml:mrow< </mml:math< </inline-formula<.

Paper Details

Date Published: 30 November 2016
PDF: 8 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 22(4) 045001 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.22.4.045001
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 22, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Paul Kumar Upputuri, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
Moganasundari Krisnan, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)
Manojit Pramanik, Nanyang Technological University (Singapore)


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