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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Assessing local stromal alterations in human ovarian cancer subtypes via second harmonic generation microscopy and analysis

Paper Abstract

The collagen architecture in all human ovarian cancers is substantially remodeled, where these alterations are manifested in different fiber widths, fiber patterns, and fibril size and packing. Second harmonic generation (SHG) microscopy has differentiated normal tissues from high-grade serous (HGS) tumors with high accuracy; however, the classification between low-grade serous, endometrioid, and benign tumors was less successful. We postulate this is due to known higher genetic variation in these tissues relative to HGS tumors, which are genetically similar, and this results in more heterogeneous collagen remodeling in the respective matrix. Here, we examine fiber widths and SHG emission intensity and directionality locally within images (e.g., 10 × 10    microns ) and show that normal tissues and HGS tumors are more uniform in fiber properties as well as in fibril size and packing than the other tissues. Moreover, these distributions are in good agreement with phase matching considerations relating SHG emission directionality and intensity. The findings show that in addition to average collagen assembly properties the intrinsic heterogeneity must also be considered as another aspect of characterization. These local analyses showed differences not shown in pure intensity-based image analyses and may provide further insight into disease etiology of the different tumor subtypes.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 November 2017
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 22(11) 116008 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.22.11.116008
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 22, Issue 11
Show Author Affiliations
Kirby R. Campbell, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)
Paul J. Campagnola, Univ. of Wisconsin-Madison (United States)


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