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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Dense concentric circle scanning protocol for measuring pulsatile retinal blood flow in rats with Doppler optical coherence tomography
Author(s): Bingyao Tan; Zohreh Hosseinaee; Kostadinka Bizheva

Paper Abstract

The variability in the spatial orientation of retinal blood vessels near the optic nerve head (ONH) results in imprecision of the measured Doppler angle and therefore the pulsatile blood flow (BF), when those parameters are evaluated using Doppler OCT imaging protocols based on dual-concentric circular scans. Here, we utilized a dense concentric circle scanning protocol and evaluated its precision for measuring pulsatile retinal BF in rats for different numbers of the circular scans. An spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) system operating in the 1060-nm spectral range with image acquisition rate of 47,000 A-scans/s was used to acquire concentric circular scans centered at the rat’s ONH, with diameters ranging from 0.8 to 1.0 mm. A custom, automatic blood vessel segmentation algorithm was used to track the spatial orientation of the retinal blood vessels in three dimensions, evaluate the spatially dependent Doppler angle and calculate more accurately the axial BF for each major retinal blood vessel. Metrics such as retinal BF, pulsatility index, and resistance index were evaluated for each and all of the major retinal blood vessels. The performance of the proposed dense concentric circle scanning protocols was compared with that of the dual-circle scanning protocol. Results showed a 3.8 ± 2.2    deg difference in the Doppler angle calculation between the two approaches, which resulted in 7 % difference in the calculated retinal BF.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 November 2017
PDF: 4 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 22(11) 110501 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.22.11.110501
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 22, Issue 11
Show Author Affiliations
Bingyao Tan, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Zohreh Hosseinaee, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)
Kostadinka Bizheva, Univ. of Waterloo (Canada)

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