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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Modeling of diffuse reflectance of light in heterogeneous biological tissue to analysis of the effects of multiple scattering on reflectance pulse oximetry
Author(s): Mohsen Mehrabi; Saeed Setayeshi; Seyed Hossein Ardehali; Hossein Arabalibeik
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Paper Abstract

Fingertip-type pulse oximeters are popular, but their inconvenience for long-term monitoring in daily life means that other types of wearable pulse oximeters, such as reflectance pulse oximeters, need to be developed. For the purpose of developing reflection pulse oximetry, we have analyzed the light propagation in tissue to calculate and estimate the measured intensities of reflected light using the analytical and numerical solutions of the diffusion approximation equation. The reflectance of light from the biological tissue is investigated from theoretical and experimental perspectives, for light in the visible and near-infrared wavelengths. To establish the model, the calculated curves were compared with the analytical solution (AS) of the diffusion approximation equation in biological tissue. The results validated that the diffusion approximation equation could resolve the heterogeneous advanced tissue and the finite element method (FEM) could offer the simulation with higher efficiency and accuracy. Our aim has been to demonstrate the power of the FEM and AS in modeling of the steady-state diffusion approximation in a heterogeneous medium. Also, experimental data and the Monte Carlo model as a gold standard were used to verify the effectiveness of these methods.

Paper Details

Date Published: 19 January 2017
PDF: 16 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 22(1) 015004 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.22.1.015004
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 22, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Mohsen Mehrabi, Amirkabir University of Technology (Iran)
Saeed Setayeshi, Amirkabir University of Technology (Iran)
Seyed Hossein Ardehali, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences (Iran)
Hossein Arabalibeik, Tehran University of Medical Sciences (Iran)

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