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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Functional response of cerebral blood flow induced by somatosensory stimulation in rats with subarachnoid hemorrhage
Author(s): Zhiguo Li; Qin Huang; Peng Liu; Pengcheng Li; Lianting Ma; Jinling Lu
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Paper Abstract

Subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is often accompanied by cerebral vasospasm (CVS), which is the phenomenon of narrowing of large cerebral arteries, and then can produce delayed ischemic neurological deficit (DIND) such as lateralized sensory dysfunction. CVS was regarded as a major contributor to DIND in patients with SAH. However, therapy for preventing vasospasm after SAH to improve the outcomes may not work all the time. It is important to find answers to the relationship between CVS and DIND after SAH. How local cerebral blood flow (CBF) is regulated during functional activation after SAH still remains poorly understood, whereas, the regulation of CBF may play an important role in weakening the impact of CVS on cortex function. Therefore, it is worthwhile to evaluate the functional response of CBF in the activated cortex in an SAH animal model. Most evaluation of the effect of SAH is presently carried out by neurological behavioral scales. The functional imaging of cortical activation during sensory stimulation may help to reflect the function of the somatosensory cortex more locally than the behavioral scales do. We investigated the functional response of CBF in the somatosensory cortex induced by an electrical stimulation to contralateral forepaw via laser speckle imaging in a rat SAH model. Nineteen Sprague-Dawley rats from two groups (control group, n=10 and SAH group, [b]n=9) were studied. SAH was induced in rats by double injection of autologous blood into the cisterna magna after CSF aspiration. The same surgical procedure was applied in the control group without CSF aspiration or blood injection. Significant CVS was found in the SAH group. Meanwhile, we observed a delayed peak of CBF response in rats with SAH compared with those in the control group, whereas no significant difference was found in magnitude, duration, and areas under curve of relative CBF changes between the two groups. The results suggest that the regulation function of local CBF during functional activation induced by somatosensory stimulation might not be seriously impaired in the somatosensory cortex of rats with SAH. Therefore, our findings might help to understand the clinical phenomenon that DIND might not occur even when CVS was found in SAH patients.

Paper Details

Date Published: 10 September 2015
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 20(9) 096008 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.20.9.096008
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 20, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Zhiguo Li, Southern Medical Univ. (China)
Qin Huang, Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Peng Liu, Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command (China)
Pengcheng Li, Britton Chance Ctr. for Biomedical Photonics (China)
Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)
Lianting Ma, Wuhan General Hospital of Guangzhou Military Command (China)
Southern Medical Univ. (China)
Jinling Lu, Britton Chance Ctr. for Biomedical Photonics (China)
Huazhong Univ. of Science and Technology (China)

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