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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

<italic<In vivo</italic< estimation of light scattering and absorption properties of rat brain using a single-reflectance fiber probe during cortical spreading depression
Author(s): Izumi Nishidate; Chiharu Mizushima; Keiichiro Yoshida; Satoko Kawauchi; Shunichi Sato; Manabu Sato

Paper Abstract

Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy using a fiber optic probe is a promising technique for evaluating the optical properties of biological tissue. We herein present a method for determining the reduced scattering coefficient, μs, the absorption coefficient, μa , and the tissue oxygen saturation, StO 2 , of in vivo brain tissue using a single-reflectance fiber probe with two source-collector geometries. We performed in vivo recordings of diffuse reflectance spectra and of the electrophysiological signals for exposed rat brain during the cortical spreading depression evoked by the topical application of KCl. The time courses of μa at 500, 570, and 584 nm indicated the hemodynamic change in the cerebral cortex as well as StO 2 . At 570 nm, the time course of μs was well correlated with that of μa , which also reflects the scattering by RBCs. On the other hand, increases in μ′s at 500 and 584 nm and a decrease in μ′s at 800 nm were observed before the profound increase in μa, and these occurrences were synchronized with the negative dc shift of the local field potential. The resultant change in the slope of μs(λ) is indicative of the morphological changes in the cellular and subcellular structures induced by the depolarization due to the temporal depression of the neuronal bioelectrical activity. The results of the present study indicate the potential application of the proposed method in evaluating the pathophysiological conditions of in vivo brain.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 February 2015
PDF: 13 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 20(2) 027003 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.20.2.027003
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 20, Issue 2
Show Author Affiliations
Izumi Nishidate, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Chiharu Mizushima, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture & Technology (Japan)
Keiichiro Yoshida, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Satoko Kawauchi, National Defense Medical College (Japan)
Shunichi Sato, National Defense Medical College (Japan)
Manabu Sato, Yamagata Univ. (Japan)


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