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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Optical coherence tomography spectral analysis for detecting apoptosis in vitro and in vivo
Author(s): Golnaz Farhat; Anoja Giles; Michael C. Kolios; Gregory J. Czarnota

Paper Abstract

Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death characterized by a series of predictable morphological changes at the subcellular level, which modify the light-scattering properties of cells. We present a spectroscopic optical coherence tomography (OCT) technique to detect changes in subcellular morphology related to apoptosis in vitro and in vivo. OCT data were acquired from acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells treated with cisplatin over a 48-h period. The backscatter spectrum of the OCT signal acquired from the cell samples was characterized by calculating its in vitro integrated backscatter (IB) and spectral slope (SS). The IB increased with treatment duration, while the SS decreased, with the most significant changes occurring after 24 to 48 h of treatment. These changes coincided with striking morphological transformations in the cells and their nuclei. Similar trends in the spectral parameter values were observed in vivo in solid tumors grown from AML cells in mice, which were treated with chemotherapy and radiation. Our results provide a strong foundation from which future experiments may be designed to further understand the effect of cellular morphology and kinetics of apoptosis on the OCT signal and demonstrate the feasibility of using this technique in vivo.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 December 2015
PDF: 13 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 20(12) 126001 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.20.12.126001
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 20, Issue 12
Show Author Affiliations
Golnaz Farhat, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Ctr. (Canada)
Anoja Giles, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Ctr. (Canada)
Michael C. Kolios, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)
Gregory J. Czarnota, Univ. of Toronto (Canada)
Sunnybrook Health Sciences Ctr. (Canada)

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