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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Optical coherence tomography microangiography for monitoring the response of vascular perfusion to external pressure on human skin tissue
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Paper Abstract

Characterization of the relationship between external pressure and blood flow is important in the examination of pressure-induced disturbance in tissue microcirculation. Optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based microangiography is a promising imaging technique, capable of providing the noninvasive extraction of functional vessels within the skin tissue with capillary-scale resolution. Here, we present a feasibility study of OCT microangiography (OMAG) to evaluate changes in blood perfusion in response to externally applied pressure on human skin tissue <italic<in vivo</italic<. External force is loaded normal to the tissue surface at the nailfold region of a healthy human volunteer. An incremental force is applied step by step and then followed by an immediate release. Skin perfusion events including baseline are continuously imaged by OMAG, allowing for visualization and quantification of the capillary perfusion in the nailfold tissue. The tissue strain maps are simultaneously evaluated through the available OCT structural images to assess the relationship of the microcirculation response to the applied pressure. The results indicate that the perfusion progressively decreases with the constant increase of pressure. Reactive hyperemia occurs right after the removal of the pressure. The perfusion returns to the baseline level after a few minutes. These findings suggest that OMAG may have great potential for quantitatively assessing tissue microcirculation in the locally pressed tissue <italic<in vivo</italic<.

Paper Details

Date Published: 8 May 2014
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 19(5) 056003 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.19.5.056003
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 19, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Woo June Choi, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Hequn Wang, Univ. of Washington (United States)
Ruikang K. Wang, Univ. of Washington (United States)

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