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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Detecting cervical cancer progression through extracted intrinsic fluorescence and principal component analysis
Author(s): Seema Devi; Prasanta K. Panigrahi; Asima Pradhan
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Paper Abstract

Intrinsic fluorescence spectra of the human normal, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 1 (CIN1), CIN2, and cervical cancer tissue have been extracted by effectively combining the measured polarized fluorescence and polarized elastic scattering spectra. The efficacy of principal component analysis (PCA) to disentangle the collective behavior from smaller correlated clusters in a dimensionally reduced space in conjunction with the intrinsic fluorescence is examined. This combination unambiguously reveals the biochemical changes occurring with the progression of the disease. The differing activities of the dominant fluorophores, collagen, nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, flavins, and porphyrin of different grades of precancers are clearly identified through a careful examination of the sectorial behavior of the dominant eigenvectors of PCA. To further classify the different grades, the Mahalanobis distance has been calculated using the scores of selected principal components.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 December 2014
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 19(12) 127003 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.19.12.127003
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 19, Issue 12
Show Author Affiliations
Seema Devi, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur (India)
Prasanta K. Panigrahi, Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) (India)
Asima Pradhan, Indian Institute of Technology (India)


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