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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Reduction of shading-derived artifacts in skin chromophore imaging without measurements or assumptions about the shape of the subject

Paper Abstract

To quantitatively evaluate skin chromophores over a wide region of curved skin surface, we propose an approach that suppresses the effect of the shading-derived error in the reflectance on the estimation of chromophore concentrations, without sacrificing the accuracy of that estimation. In our method, we use multiple regression analysis, assuming the absorbance spectrum as the response variable and the extinction coefficients of melanin, oxygenated hemoglobin, and deoxygenated hemoglobin as the predictor variables. The concentrations of melanin and total hemoglobin are determined from the multiple regression coefficients using compensation formulae (CF) based on the diffuse reflectance spectra derived from a Monte Carlo simulation. To suppress the shading-derived error, we investigated three different combinations of multiple regression coefficients for the CF. In vivo measurements with the forearm skin demonstrated that the proposed approach can reduce the estimation errors that are due to shading-derived errors in the reflectance. With the best combination of multiple regression coefficients, we estimated that the ratio of the error to the chromophore concentrations is about 10%. The proposed method does not require any measurements or assumptions about the shape of the subjects; this is an advantage over other studies related to the reduction of shading-derived errors.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 January 2014
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 19(1) 016009 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.19.1.016009
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 19, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Kenichiro Yoshida, KAO Corp. (Japan)
Izumi Nishidate, Tokyo Univ. of Agriculture and Technology (Japan)
Nobutoshi Ojima, KAO Corp. (Japan)
Kayoko Iwata, KAO Corp. (Japan)

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