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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Targeting telomere-containing chromosome ends with a near-infrared femtosecond laser to study the activation of the DNA damage response and DNA damage repair pathways
Author(s): Barbara Alcarz Silva; Jessica R. Stambaugh; Michael W. Berns
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Paper Abstract

Telomeres are at the ends of chromosomes. Previous evidence suggests that laser-induced deoxyribose nucleic acid (DNA) breaks at chromosome ends during anaphase results in delayed cytokinesis. A possible explanation for this delay is that the DNA damage response (DDR) mechanism has been activated. We describe a live imaging method to study the effects of DDR activation following focal point near-infrared femtosecond laser microirradiation either at a single chromosome end or at a chromosome arm in mitotic anaphase cells. Laser microirradiation is used in combination with dual fluorescent labeling to monitor the co-localization of double-strand break marker γH2AX along with the DDR factors in PtK 2 (Potorous tridactylus) cells. Laser-induced DNA breaks in chromosome ends as well as in chromosome arms results in recruitment of the following: poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1, checkpoint sensors (p-Chk1, p-Chk2), DNA repair protein Ku70/Ku80 , and proliferating cell nuclear antigen. However, phosphorylated p53 at serine 15 is detected only at chromosome ends and not at chromosome arms. Full activation of DDR on damaged chromosome ends may explain previously published results that showed the delay of cytokinesis.

Paper Details

Date Published: 24 September 2013
PDF: 8 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 18(9) 095003 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.18.9.095003
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 18, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Barbara Alcarz Silva, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)
Jessica R. Stambaugh, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)
Michael W. Berns, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)


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