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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Application of the critical angle method to refractive index measurement of human skin in vivo under partial contact
Author(s): Kenichiro Yoshida; Kohji Ohkubo; Nobutoshi Ojima; Kayoko Iwata

Paper Abstract

We adapted the critical angle method for measuring rough surfaces under partial contact to acquire an in vivo skin refractive index (RI). Assuming that the total reflection is the simple sum of reflection from areas that are in contact and reflection from those that are not in contact, the RI can be estimated even for partial contact with a rough surface. We found that cheek skin is sufficiently soft that a sufficiently large area can be in contact and that the critical angle was detectable. The RIs of the cheeks of adult females were measured. The RI range was about 1.51 to 1.53, at a wavelength of 550 nm, without considering systematic errors. The RIs of cheeks are significantly correlated with their conductance, which corresponds to their water content. We determined the relationship between the RI and conductance within the variation of skin under normal conditions; this relationship was theoretically obtained in previous studies. In the present study, a direct in vivo measurement method was developed that enabled us to measure the RI in daily life, although this method contains errors for several reasons, including disregarding

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2013
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 18(3) 037002 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.18.3.037002
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 18, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Kenichiro Yoshida, KAO Corp. (Japan)
Kohji Ohkubo, KAO Corp. (Japan)
Nobutoshi Ojima, KAO Corp. (Japan)
Kayoko Iwata, KAO Corp. (Japan)


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