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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

In vivo high spatiotemporal resolution visualization of circulating T lymphocytes in high endothelial venules of lymph nodes

Paper Abstract

Lymph nodes (LN) are major checkpoints for circulating T lymphocytes to recognize foreign antigens collected from peripheral tissue. High endothelial venule (HEV) in LN facilitates the effective transmigration of circulating T lymphocytes from the blood into LN. There have been many efforts to visualize T lymphocytes trafficking across HEV to understand the underlying mechanism. However, due to insufficient spatiotemporal resolution and the lack of an in vivo labeling method, clear visualization of dynamic behaviors of rapidly flowing T lymphocytes in HEV and their transmigration have been difficult. In this work, we adapted a custom-designed video-rate laser scanning confocal microscopy system to track individual flowing T lymphocytes in the HEV in real time in vivo. We demonstrate that the HEVs in LN can be clearly identified in vivo with its distinctive cuboidal morphology of endothelial cells fluorescently labeled by intravenously injected anti-CD31 antibody conjugated with Alexa fluorophore. By visualizing the adaptively transferred T lymphocytes, we successfully analyzed dynamic flowing behaviors of T lymphocytes and their transendothelial migration while interacting with the endothelial cells in HEV.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 March 2013
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 18(3) 036005 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.18.3.036005
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 18, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Kibaek Choe, KAIST (Korea, Republic of)
Yoonha Hwang, KAIST (Korea, Republic of)
Howon Seo, KAIST (Korea, Republic of)
Pilhan Kim, KAIST (Korea, Republic of)


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