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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Acoustic and photoacoustic characterization of micron-sized perfluorocarbon emulsions
Author(s): Eric M. Strohm; Ivan Gorelikov; Naomi Matsuura; Michael C. Kolios

Paper Abstract

Perfluorocarbon droplets containing nanoparticles (NPs) have recently been investigated as theranostic and dual-mode contrast agents. These droplets can be vaporized via laser irradiation or used as photoacoustic contrast agents below the vaporization threshold. This study investigates the photoacoustic mechanism of NP-loaded droplets using photoacoustic frequencies between 100 and 1000 MHz, where distinct spectral features are observed that are related to the droplet composition. The measured photoacoustic spectrum from NP-loaded perfluorocarbon droplets was compared to a theoretical model that assumes a homogenous liquid. Good agreement in the location of the spectral features was observed, which suggests the NPs act primarily as optical absorbers to induce thermal expansion of the droplet as a single homogenous object. The NP size and composition do not affect the photoacoustic spectrum; therefore, the photoacoustic signal can be maximized by optimizing the NP optical absorbing properties. To confirm the theoretical parameters in the model, photoacoustic, ultrasonic, and optical methods were used to estimate the droplet diameter. Photoacoustic and ultrasonic methods agreed to within 1.4%, while the optical measurement was 8.5% higher; this difference decreased with increasing droplet size. The small discrepancy may be attributed to the difficulty in observing the small droplets through the partially translucent phantom.

Paper Details

Date Published: 18 September 2012
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(9) 096016 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.9.096016
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Eric M. Strohm, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)
Ivan Gorelikov, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Ctr. (Canada)
Naomi Matsuura, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Ctr. (Canada)
Michael C. Kolios, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)

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