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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Movement-related cortical activation with voluntary pinch task: simultaneous monitoring of near-infrared spectroscopy signals and movement-related cortical potentials
Author(s): Yosuke Sato; Masafumi Fukuda; Makoto Oishi; Yukihiko Fujii

Paper Abstract

This study was designed to evaluate hemodynamic and electrophysiological motor cortex responses to voluntary finger pinching in humans, with simultaneous recording of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) signals and movement-related cortical potentials (MRCP). Six healthy, right-handed subjects performed 100 trials of voluntary right-thumb index-finger pinching with about a 10-second interval at their own pace. Throughout the session, 48 regions over the bilateral motor cortex were assessed by NIRS, while MRCP and electromyogram (EMG) were simultaneously monitored. MRCP started 1536±58  ms before EMG onset and peaked 127±24  ms after EMG onset. NIRS data showed bilateral prefrontal cortex at 0.5±0.1  s before EMG onset and bilateral dorsal premotor cortex activations at 0.6±0.1  s before EMG onset. The hand area of the sensorimotor cortex was activated left-dominantly, seen obviously peaked at 3.7±0.2  s after EMG onset. The comparison between MRCP and NIRS results raised the possibility that the vascular response to neural activity occurs within 4 s with a voluntary pinch task. These results indicate that our technique allows detailed study of the motor control. Our method is a promising strategy for event-related motor control and neurovascular coupling studies.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 July 2012
PDF: 9 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7) 076011 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.7.076011
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 7
Show Author Affiliations
Yosuke Sato, Niigata Univ. (Japan)
Masafumi Fukuda, Niigata Univ. (Japan)
Makoto Oishi, Niigata Univ. (Japan)
Yukihiko Fujii, Niigata Univ. (Japan)

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