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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Optodynamic energy-conversion efficiency during an Er:YAG-laser-pulse delivery into a liquid through different fiber-tip geometries

Paper Abstract

When an erbium-laser pulse is directed into water through a small-diameter fiber tip (FT), the absorption of the laser energy superheats the water and its boiling induces a vapor bubble. We present the influence of different FT geometries and pulse parameters on the vapor-bubble dynamics. In our investigation, we use a free-running erbium: yttrium aluminum garnet (Er:YAG) (λ = 2.94 μm) laser that was designed for laser dentistry. Its pulse is directed into the water through FTs with a flat and conical geometry. Our results show that in the case of the conical FT, a spherical bubble is induced, while a channel-like bubble develops for the flat FT. The ratio between the mechanical energy of the liquid medium and the pulse energy, which we call the optodynamic energy-conversion efficiency, is examined using shadow photography. The results indicate that this efficiency is significantly larger when a conical FT is used and it increases with increasing pulse energy and decreasing pulse duration. The spherical bubbles are compared with the Rayleigh model in order to present the influence of the pulse duration on the dynamics of the bubble's expansion.

Paper Details

Date Published: 9 July 2012
PDF: 10 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(7) 075006 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.7.075006
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 7
Show Author Affiliations
Peter Gregorcic, Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Matija Jezersek, Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia)
Janez Mozina, Univ. of Ljubljana (Slovenia)

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