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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Determination of absorption changes from moments of distributions of times of flight of photons: optimization of measurement conditions for a two-layered tissue model
Author(s): Adam Liebert; Heidrun Wabnitz; Clemens Elster

Paper Abstract

Time-resolved near-infrared spectroscopy allows for depth-selective determination of absorption changes in the adult human head that facilitates separation between cerebral and extra-cerebral responses to brain activation. The aim of the present work is to analyze which combinations of moments of measured distributions of times of flight (DTOF) of photons and source-detector separations are optimal for the reconstruction of absorption changes in a two-layered tissue model corresponding to extra- and intra-cerebral compartments. To this end we calculated the standard deviations of the derived absorption changes in both layers by considering photon noise and a linear relation between the absorption changes and the DTOF moments. The results show that the standard deviation of the absorption change in the deeper (superficial) layer increases (decreases) with the thickness of the superficial layer. It is confirmed that for the deeper layer the use of higher moments, in particular the variance of the DTOF, leads to an improvement. For example, when measurements at four different source-detector separations between 8 and 35 mm are available and a realistic thickness of the upper layer of 12 mm is assumed, the inclusion of the change in mean time of flight, in addition to the change in attenuation, leads to a reduction of the standard deviation of the absorption change in the deeper tissue layer by a factor of 2.5. A reduction by another 4% can be achieved by additionally including the change in variance.

Paper Details

Date Published: 7 May 2012
PDF: 8 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(5) 057005 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.5.057005
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Adam Liebert, Institute of Biocybernetics and Biomedical Engineering (Poland)
Heidrun Wabnitz, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)
Clemens Elster, Physikalisch-Technische Bundesanstalt (Germany)

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