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Journal of Biomedical Optics

In vivo fluorescence lifetime detection of an activatable probe in infarcted myocardium
Author(s): Craig J. Goergen; Anand T. N. Kumar; Howard H. Chen; Alexei Bogdanov; David E. Sosnovik
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Paper Abstract

Activatable fluorescent molecular probes are predominantly nonfluorescent in their inactivated state due to intramolecular quenching, but increase fluorescence yield significantly after enzyme-mediated hydrolysis of peptides. Continuous wave in vivo detection of these protease-activatable fluorophores in the heart, however, is limited by the inability to differentiate between activated and nonactivated fractions of the probe and is frequently complicated by large background signal from probe accumulation in the liver. Using a cathepsin-activatable near-infrared probe (PGC-800), we demonstrate here that fluorescence lifetime (FL) significantly increases in infarcted murine myocardial tissue (0.67 ns) when compared with healthy myocardium (0.59 ns) after 24 h. Furthermore, we show that lifetime contrast can be used to distinguish in vivo cardiac fluorescence from background nonspecific liver signal. The results of this study show that lifetime contrast is a helpful addition to preclinical imaging of activatable fluorophores in the myocardium by reporting molecular activity in vivo due to changes in intramolecular quenching. This characterization of FL from activatable molecular probes will be helpful for advancing in vivo imaging of enzyme activity.

Paper Details

Date Published: 20 April 2012
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(5) 056001 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.5.056001
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Craig J. Goergen, Athinoula A. Martinos Ctr. for Biomedical Imaging (United States)
Anand T. N. Kumar, Athinoula A. Martinos Ctr. for Biomedical Imaging (United States)
Howard H. Chen, Massachusetts General Hospital (United States)
Alexei Bogdanov, Univ. of Massachusetts Medical School (United States)
David E. Sosnovik, Athinoula A. Martinos Ctr. for Biomedical Imaging (United States)


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