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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Multiphoton microscopy and microspectroscopy for diagnostics of inflammatory and neoplastic lung
Author(s): Ina P. Pavlova; Watt W. Webb; Kelly R. Hume; Stephanie A. Yazinski; Teresa L. Southard; Robert S. Weiss; James Flanders

Paper Abstract

Limitations of current medical procedures for detecting early lung cancers inspire the need for new diagnostic imaging modalities for the direct microscopic visualization of lung nodules. Multiphoton microscopy (MPM) provides for subcellular resolution imaging of intrinsic fluorescence from unprocessed tissue with minimal optical attenuation and photodamage. We demonstrate that MPM detects morphological and spectral features of lung tissue and differentiates between normal, inflammatory and neoplastic lung. Ex vivo MPM imaging of intrinsic two-photon excited fluorescence was performed on mouse and canine neoplastic, inflammatory and tumor-free lung sites. Results showed that MPM detected microanatomical differences between tumor-free and neoplastic lung tissue similar to standard histopathology but without the need for tissue processing. Furthermore, inflammatory sites displayed a distinct red-shifted fluorescence compared to neoplasms in both mouse and canine lung, and adenocarcinomas displayed a less pronounced fluorescence emission in the 500 to 550 nm region compared to adenomas in mouse models of lung cancer. These spectral distinctions were also confirmed by two-photon excited fluorescence microspectroscopy. We demonstrate the feasibility of applying MPM imaging of intrinsic fluorescence for the differentiation of lung neoplasms, inflammatory and tumor-free lung, which motivates the application of multiphoton endoscopy for the in situ imaging of lung nodules.

Paper Details

Date Published: 5 April 2012
PDF: 10 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(3) 036014 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.3.036014
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Ina P. Pavlova, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Watt W. Webb, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Kelly R. Hume, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Stephanie A. Yazinski, Cornell Univ (United States)
Teresa L. Southard, Cornell Univ. (United States)
Robert S. Weiss, Cornell Univ. (United States)
James Flanders, Cornell Univ. (United States)

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