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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Femtosecond laser ablation of bovine cortical bone
Author(s): Liliana T. Cangueiro; Rui Mário Correia da Silva Vilar; Ana M. Botelho do Rego; Vania S. F. Muralha
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Paper Abstract

We study the surface topographical, structural, and compositional modifications induced in bovine cortical bone by femtosecond laser ablation. The tests are performed in air, with a Yb:KYW chirped-pulse-regenerative amplification laser system (500 fs, 1030 nm) at fluences ranging from 0.55 to 2.24 J/cm2. The ablation process is monitored by acoustic emission measurements. The topography of the laser-treated surfaces is studied by scanning electron microscopy, and their constitution is characterized by glancing incidence x-ray diffraction, x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and micro-Raman spectroscopy. The results show that femtosecond laser ablation allows removing bone without melting, carbonization, or cracking. The structure and composition of the remaining tissue are essentially preserved, the only constitutional changes observed being a reduction of the organic material content and a partial recrystallization of hydroxyapatite in the most superficial region of samples. The results suggest that, within this fluence range, ablation occurs by a combination of thermal and electrostatic mechanisms, with the first type of mechanism predominating at lower fluences. The associated thermal effects explain the constitutional changes observed. We show that femtosecond lasers are a promising tool for delicate orthopaedic surgeries, where small amounts of bone must be cut with negligible damage, thus minimizing surgical trauma.

Paper Details

Date Published: 4 December 2012
PDF: 10 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(12) 125005 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.12.125005
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 12
Show Author Affiliations
Liliana T. Cangueiro, Univ. Técnica de Lisboa (Portugal)
Rui Mário Correia da Silva Vilar, Univ. Técnica de Lisboa (Portugal)
Ana M. Botelho do Rego, Univ. Técnica de Lisboa (Portugal)
Vania S. F. Muralha, Univ. Nova de Lisboa (Portugal)


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