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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Dynamic indocyanine green angiography measurements
Author(s): Tim Holmes; Alessandro Invernizzi; Sean Larkin; Giovanni Staurenghi

Paper Abstract

Dynamic indocyanine green imaging uses a scanning laser ophthalmoscope and a fluorescent dye to produce movies of the dye-filling pattern in the retina and choroid of the eye. It is used for evaluating choroidal neovascularization. Movies are examined to identify the anatomy of the pathology for planning treatment and to evaluate progression or response to treatment. The popularity of this approach is affected by the complexity and difficulty in interpreting the movies. Software algorithms were developed to produce images from the movies that are easy to interpret. A mathematical model is formulated of the flow dynamics, and a fitting algorithm is designed that solves for the flow parameters. The images provide information about flow and perfusion, including regions of change between examinations. Imaged measures include the dye fill-time, temporal dispersion, and magnitude of the dye dilution temporal curves associated with image pixels. Cases show how the software can help to identify clinically relevant anatomy such as feeder vessels, drain vessels, capillary networks, and normal choroidal draining vessels. As a potential tool for research into the character of neovascular conditions and treatments, it reveals the flow dynamics and character of the lesion. Future varieties of this methodology may be used for evaluating the success of engineered tissue transplants, surgical flaps, reconstructive surgery, breast surgery, and many other surgical applications where flow, perfusion, and vascularity of tissue are important.

Paper Details

Date Published: 29 November 2012
PDF: 13 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(11) 116028 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.11.116028
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 11
Show Author Affiliations
Tim Holmes, Lickenbrock Technologies, LLC (United States)
Alessandro Invernizzi, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)
Sean Larkin, Lickenbrock Technologies, LLC (United States)
Giovanni Staurenghi, Univ. degli Studi di Milano (Italy)

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