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Journal of Biomedical Optics

Refractive index of solutions of human hemoglobin from the near-infrared to the ultraviolet range: Kramers-Kronig analysis
Author(s): Oleksiy Sydoruk; Olga S. Zhernovaya; Valery V. Tuchin; Alexandre Douplik
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Paper Abstract

Because direct measurements of the refractive index of hemoglobin over a large wavelength range are challenging, indirect methods deserve particular attention. Among them, the Kramers-Kronig relations are a powerful tool often used to derive the real part of a refractive index from its imaginary part. However, previous attempts to apply the relations to solutions of human hemoglobin have been somewhat controversial, resulting in disagreement between several studies. We show that this controversy can be resolved when careful attention is paid not only to the absorption of hemoglobin but also to the dispersion of the refractive index of the nonabsorbing solvent. We present a Kramers-Kroning analysis taking both contributions into account and compare the results with the data from several studies. Good agreement with experiments is found across the visible and parts of near-infrared and ultraviolet regions. These results reinstate the use of the Kramers-Kronig relations for hemoglobin solutions and provide an additional source of information about their refractive index.

Paper Details

Date Published: 2 November 2012
PDF: 6 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(11) 115002 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.11.115002
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 11
Show Author Affiliations
Oleksiy Sydoruk, Imperial College London (Germany)
Olga S. Zhernovaya, N.G. Chernyshevsky Saratov State Univ. (Russian Federation)
Valery V. Tuchin, N.G. Chernyshevsky Saratov State Univ. (Russian Federation)
Alexandre Douplik, Ryerson Univ. (Canada)

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