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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Single photon counting fluorescence lifetime detection of pericellular oxygen concentrations
Author(s): Neveen A. Hosny; David A. Lee; Martin M. Knight

Paper Abstract

Fluorescence lifetime imaging microscopy offers a non-invasive method for quantifying local oxygen concentrations. However, existing methods are either invasive, require custom-made systems, or show limited spatial resolution. Therefore, these methods are unsuitable for investigation of pericellular oxygen concentrations. This study describes an adaptation of commercially available equipment which has been optimized for quantitative extracellular oxygen detection with high lifetime accuracy and spatial resolution while avoiding systematic photon pile-up. The oxygen sensitive fluorescent dye, tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) chloride hexahydrate [Ru(bipy)3]2+, was excited using a two-photon excitation laser. Lifetime was measured using a Becker & Hickl time-correlated single photon counting, which will be referred to as a TCSPC card. [Ru(bipy)3]2+ characterization studies quantified the influences of temperature, pH, cellular culture media and oxygen on the fluorescence lifetime measurements. This provided a precisely calibrated and accurate system for quantification of pericellular oxygen concentration based on measured lifetimes. Using this technique, quantification of oxygen concentrations around isolated viable chondrocytes, seeded in three-dimensional agarose gel, revealed a subpopulation of cells that exhibited significant spatial oxygen gradients such that oxygen concentration reduced with increasing proximity to the cell. This technique provides a powerful tool for quantifying spatial oxygen gradients within three-dimensional cellular models.

Paper Details

Date Published: 6 February 2012
PDF: 13 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 17(1) 016007 doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.17.1.016007
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 17, Issue 1
Show Author Affiliations
Neveen A. Hosny, Queen Mary, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
David A. Lee, Queen Mary, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)
Martin M. Knight, Queen Mary, Univ. of London (United Kingdom)

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