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Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems • new

Model-based thermal system design optimization for the James Webb Space Telescope
Author(s): Giuseppe Cataldo; Malcolm B. Niedner; Dale J. Fixsen; Samuel H. Moseley
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Paper Abstract

Spacecraft thermal model validation is normally performed by comparing model predictions with thermal test data and reducing their discrepancies to meet the mission requirements. Based on thermal engineering expertise, the model input parameters are adjusted to tune the model output response to the test data. The end result is not guaranteed to be the best solution in terms of reduced discrepancy and the process requires months to complete. A model-based methodology was developed to perform the validation process in a fully automated fashion and provide mathematical bases to the search for the optimal parameter set that minimizes the discrepancies between model and data. The methodology was successfully applied to several thermal subsystems of the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Global or quasiglobal optimal solutions were found and the total execution time of the model validation process was reduced to about two weeks. The model sensitivities to the parameters, which are required to solve the optimization problem, can be calculated automatically before the test begins and provide a library for sensitivity studies. This methodology represents a crucial commodity when testing complex, large-scale systems under time and budget constraints. Here, results for the JWST Core thermal system will be presented in detail.

Paper Details

Date Published: 11 October 2017
PDF: 7 pages
J. Astron. Telesc. Instrum. Syst. 3(4) 044002 doi: 10.1117/1.JATIS.3.4.044002
Published in: Journal of Astronomical Telescopes, Instruments, and Systems Volume 3, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Giuseppe Cataldo, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Malcolm B. Niedner, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Dale J. Fixsen, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)
Samuel H. Moseley, NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr. (United States)

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