Optical EngineeringExperimental and simulation studies on the performance of binary and gray-valued joint transform correlators under poor illumination conditions and nonoverlapping background noise
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The correlation performance of four different types of joint transform correlators (JTCs) is investigated in a noncooperative situation when the target image is cluttered with scene noise and present under poor illumination condition. Computer simulation and experimental results are provided. Although the binary JTCs based on spatialfrequency- dependent threshold (SFDT), sliding-window local-median threshold (SWLMT) offer good correlation performance in poor target image illumination conditions their performance is affected in the presence of background noise in the target image. The JTC based on modified-fringe-adjusted filter (MFAF) performs better in such a combined situation.