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Optical Engineering

Multilevel diffractive elements for generalized wavefront shaping
Author(s): Yochay Danziger; Erez Hasman; Asher A. Friesem; Adolf W. Lohmann
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Paper Abstract

A new approach to designing computer-generated multilevel diffractive elements, in which the phase and the amplitude of the output wavefront can be controlled independently, is presented. In this approach the diffraction efficiency of the elements can be arbitrarily controlled to reach 100% efficiency over the entire element. The approach is based on varying the local diffraction efficiency by changing the width and the number of levels in every period. To reduce complexity, an algorithm for designing the element with the least number of levels and masks is developed. This design algorithm determines the needed mask parameters in which compensation for distortions introduced by the lithographic recording of the element are taken into account. Calculated and experimental investigations that confirm the new design approach are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 1996
PDF: 10 pages
Opt. Eng. 35(9) doi: 10.1117/1.600859
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 35, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Yochay Danziger, Weizmann Institute of Science (United States)
Erez Hasman, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel)
Asher A. Friesem, Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel)
Adolf W. Lohmann, Univ. Erlangen-Nuernberg (Germany)


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