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Optical Engineering

Thermal response of hard dental tissues to 9- through 11- um CO2-laser irradiation
Author(s): Daniel Fried; Wolf D. Seka; Richard E. Glena; John D. B. Featherstone
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Paper Abstract

The morphology and the chemistry of dental enamel and dentin can be modified by irradiation with a CO2 laser to increase the acid resistance of the intrinsic mineral. The changes induced in hard dental tissues after laser irradiation are predominately determined by the photothermally induced temperature rise in the tissue. Therefore the temperature rise in the irradiated enamel and dentin must be determined under controlled laser conditions. Surface and subsurface temperatures were monitored after multiple-pulse CO2-laser irradiation at ?=9.3, 9.6, 10.3, and 10.6 µm with 1- to 20-J/cm2 pulses of 50- to 500-µs duration using radiometry and microthermocouples. Surface temperatures were significantly higher after 9.3- and 9.6-µm irradiation than for the more commonly utilized 10.6-mm CO2-laser wavelength. Permanent changes in the temperature response of enamel and dentin were observed at fluences greater than 2 J/cm2 and 100-µs duration for dentin and 5 J/cm2 for enamel. CO2-laser irradiation changes the thermal and the optical properties of these tissues, substantially changing the energy deposition for subsequent laser pulses. These changes affect both the amount of energy absorbed and the depth of absorption. The more efficient absorption at ?=9.3 and 9.6 µm may be advantageous for both cariespreventive treatments and ablation of exposed hard dental tissues while minimizing heat deposition in the tooth.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 July 1996
PDF: 9 pages
Opt. Eng. 35(7) doi: 10.1117/1.600774
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 35, Issue 7
Show Author Affiliations
Daniel Fried, University of California (United States)
Wolf D. Seka, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Richard E. Glena, Eastman Dental Ctr. (United States)
John D. B. Featherstone, Univ. of California/San Francisco (United States)

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