Share Email Print

Optical Engineering

Probability theory of laser safety at sea
Author(s): Kai Meng Hock
Format Member Price Non-Member Price
PDF $20.00 $25.00

Paper Abstract

A probability theory of laser safety at sea is presented. A method is developed to calculate the probability that the human eye in the neighborhood of a laser operation at sea will be damaged by the laser beam. It takes into account the laser power, pulse rate, the sea state, specular reflectance, foam reflectance, angle of incidence, position of the eye with respect to the laser spot on the sea, the typical stare time of the eye, the maximum permissible exposure to a given type of laser beam, etc. The known sea reflectance formulas are used to develop the theory with the help of the Poisson distribution. Contour maps showing the probability of eye damage near a laser spot on the sea under typical conditions are presented.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 April 1996
PDF: 7 pages
Opt. Eng. 35(4) doi: 10.1117/1.600598
Published in: Optical Engineering Volume 35, Issue 4
Show Author Affiliations
Kai Meng Hock, Defense Science Organization (Singapore)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top