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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Measurement of anisotropic reflection of flowing blood using optical coherence tomography
Author(s): Kweon-Ho Nam; Sang-Joon Lee; Bosu Jeong; In Oh Jung; Hojin Ha; Ki Hean Kim

Paper Abstract

Light reflectance of blood is a complex phenomenon affected by hematocrit and red blood cell (RBC) aggregation (rouleaux formation). According to the hypothesis that RBC rouleaux are aligned with the direction of blood flow, the spatial alignment of RBC rouleaux, as well as their size and quantity in the blood, may also affect light reflectance. The present study aims to investigate the effect of the spatial alignment and distribution of RBC rouleaux on light reflection using optical coherence tomography (OCT). Blood flow velocity and reflectance profiles in a rat jugular-femoral bypass loop were simultaneously measured using a Doppler swept-source OCT system at various incident angles from −30 to +30 deg. The reflectance profiles of flowing blood show nonmonotonous decay with a local negative peak at the center of the tube. The profiles vary depending on the incident angle. This angular dependence is stronger at a higher angle of incidence. The anisotropic reflectance of flowing blood is consistent with the hypothesis on the spatial alignment of RBC rouleaux.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 December 2011
PDF: 4 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 16(12) 120502 doi: 10.1117/1.3660299
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 12
Show Author Affiliations
Kweon-Ho Nam, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
Sang-Joon Lee, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
Bosu Jeong, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
In Oh Jung, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
Hojin Ha, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)
Ki Hean Kim, Pohang Univ. of Science and Technology (Korea, Republic of)


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