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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Breast cancer spatial heterogeneity in near-infrared spectra and the prediction of neoadjuvant chemotherapy response

Paper Abstract

We describe an algorithm to calculate an index that characterizes spatial differences in broadband near-infrared [(NIR), 650-1000 nm] absorption spectra of tumor-containing breast tissue. Patient-specific tumor spatial heterogeneities are visualized through a heterogeneity spectrum function (HS). HS is a biomarker that can be attributed to different molecular distributions within the tumor. To classify lesion heterogeneities, we built a heterogeneity index (HI) derived from the HS by weighing the HS in specific NIR absorption bands. It is shown that neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) response is potentially related to the tumor heterogeneity. Therefore, we correlate the heterogeneity index obtained prior to treatment with the final response to NAC. From a pilot study of 15 cancer patients treated with NAC, pathological complete responders (pCR) were separated from non-pCR according to their HI (-44 ± 12 and 43 ± 17, p = 3 × 10−8, respectively). We conclude that the HS function is a biomarker that can be used to visualize spatial heterogeneities in lesions, and the baseline HI prior to therapy correlates with chemotherapy pathological response.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 September 2011
PDF: 6 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 16(9) 097007 doi: 10.1117/1.3638135
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 9
Show Author Affiliations
Ylenia Santoro, Univ. of California, Irvine (United States)
Bruce J. Tromberg, Univ. of California, Irvine (United States)
Enrico Gratton, Univ. of California, Irvine (United States)
Anais Leproux, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)
Albert E. Cerussi, Beckman Laser Institute and Medical Clinic (United States)


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