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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Raman spectroscopy detects deterioration in biomechanical properties of bone in a glucocorticoid-treated mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis
Author(s): Jason R. Maher; Andrew J. Berger; Masahiko Takahata; Hani A. Awad

Paper Abstract

Although glucocorticoids are frequently prescribed for the symptomatic management of inflammatory disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis, extended glucocorticoid exposure is the leading cause of physician-induced osteoporosis and leaves patients at a high risk of fracture. To study the biochemical effects of glucocorticoid exposure and how they might affect biomechanical properties of the bone, Raman spectra were acquired from ex vivo tibiae of glucocorticoid- and placebo-treated wild-type mice and a transgenic mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis. Statistically significant spectral differences were observed due to both treatment regimen and mouse genotype. These differences are attributed to changes in the overall bone mineral composition, as well as the degree of phosphate mineralization in tibial cortical bone. In addition, partial least squares regression was used to generate a Raman-based prediction of each tibia's biomechanical strength as quantified by a torsion test. The Raman-based predictions were as accurate as those produced by microcomputed tomography derived parameters, and more accurate than the clinically-used parameter of bone mineral density. These results suggest that Raman spectroscopy could be a valuable tool for monitoring bone biochemistry in studies of bone diseases such as osteoporosis, including tests of drugs being developed to combat these diseases.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 August 2011
PDF: 7 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 16(8) 087012 doi: 10.1117/1.3613933
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 8
Show Author Affiliations
Jason R. Maher, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Andrew J. Berger, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Masahiko Takahata, Univ. of Rochester (United States)
Hani A. Awad, Univ. of Rochester (United States)

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