Optical EngineeringExamination of chaotic signal encryption and recovery for secure communication using hybrid acousto-optic feedback
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Generation of chaos from acousto-optic (A-O)Bragg cell modulators with an electronic feedback has been studied for over 3 decades. Since an acousto-optic Bragg cell with zeroth- and first-order feedback exhibits chaotic behavior past the threshold for bistability, such a system was recently examined for possible chaotic encryption of simple messages (such as a low-amplitude sinusoidal signal) applied via the bias input of the sound cell driver. Subsequent recovery of the message signal was carried out via a heterodyne-type strategy employing a locally generated chaotic carrier, with threshold parameters matched to the transmitting Bragg cell. In this paper, we present numerical results and detailed interpretations for signal encryption and recovery under hybrid A-O electronic feedback using a heterodyne strategy. Important features of this setup, such as the system robustness in terms of parameter matching (feedback gain, dc bias, and time delay) are also examined in some detail.