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Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Image-guided genomic analysis of tissue response to laser-induced thermal stress
Author(s): Mark A. Mackanos; Mike W. Helms; Flora Kalish; Christopher H. Contag

Paper Abstract

The cytoprotective response to thermal injury is characterized by transcriptional activation of "heat shock proteins" (hsp) and proinflammatory proteins. Expression of these proteins may predict cellular survival. Microarray analyses were performed to identify spatially distinct gene expression patterns responding to thermal injury. Laser injury zones were identified by expression of a transgene reporter comprised of the 70 kD hsp gene and the firefly luciferase coding sequence. Zones included the laser spot, the surrounding region where hsp70-luc expression was increased, and a region adjacent to the surrounding region. A total of 145 genes were up-regulated in the laser irradiated region, while 69 were up-regulated in the adjacent region. At 7 hours the chemokine Cxcl3 was the highest expressed gene in the laser spot (24 fold) and adjacent region (32 fold). Chemokines were the most common up-regulated genes identified. Microarray gene expression was successfully validated using qRT- polymerase chain reaction for selected genes of interest. The early response genes are likely involved in cytoprotection and initiation of the healing response. Their regulatory elements will benefit creating the next generation reporter mice and controlling expression of therapeutic proteins. The identified genes serve as drug development targets that may prevent acute tissue damage and accelerate healing.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 May 2011
PDF: 15 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 16(5) 058001 doi: 10.1117/1.3573387
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 5
Show Author Affiliations
Mark A. Mackanos, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Mike W. Helms, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Flora Kalish, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine (United States)
Christopher H. Contag, Stanford Univ. School of Medicine (United States)

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