Share Email Print

Journal of Biomedical Optics • Open Access

Pilot study of semiautomated localization of the dermal/epidermal junction in reflectance confocal microscopy images of skin
Author(s): Sila Kurugol; Jennifer G. Dy; Dana H. Brooks; Milind Rajadhyaksha

Paper Abstract

Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) continues to be translated toward the detection of skin cancers in vivo. Automated image analysis may help clinicians and accelerate clinical acceptance of RCM. For screening and diagnosis of cancer, the dermal/epidermal junction (DEJ), at which melanomas and basal cell carcinomas originate, is an important feature in skin. In RCM images, the DEJ is marked by optically subtle changes and features and is difficult to detect purely by visual examination. Challenges for automation of DEJ detection include heterogeneity of skin tissue, high inter-, intra-subject variability, and low optical contrast. To cope with these challenges, we propose a semiautomated hybrid sequence segmentation/classification algorithm that partitions z-stacks of tiles into homogeneous segments by fitting a model of skin layer dynamics and then classifies tile segments as epidermis, dermis, or transitional DEJ region using texture features. We evaluate two different training scenarios: 1. training and testing on portions of the same stack; 2. training on one labeled stack and testing on one from a different subject with similar skin type. Initial results demonstrate the detectability of the DEJ in both scenarios with epidermis/dermis misclassification rates smaller than 10% and average distance from the expert labeled boundaries around 8.5 μm.

Paper Details

Date Published: 1 March 2011
PDF: 14 pages
J. Biomed. Opt. 16(3) 036005 doi: 10.1117/1.3549740
Published in: Journal of Biomedical Optics Volume 16, Issue 3
Show Author Affiliations
Sila Kurugol, Northeastern Univ. (United States)
Jennifer G. Dy, Northeastern Univ. (United States)
Dana H. Brooks, Northeastern Univ. (United States)
Milind Rajadhyaksha, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Ctr. (United States)

© SPIE. Terms of Use
Back to Top